Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea
Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea is a 1960s American science fiction television series based on the 1961 film of the same
name. Both were created by Irwin Allen, which enabled the movie's sets, costumes, props, special effects models,
and sometimes footage, to be used in the production of the television series. Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea was
the first of Irwin Allen's four science fiction television series. The show's main theme was underwater
Voyage to the Bottom of the
Sea was broadcast on ABC from September 14, 1964 to March
31, 1968, and was the decade's longest-running American science fiction television series with continuing
characters. The 110 episodes produced included 32 shot in black and white (1964–65), and 78 filmed in color
(1965–68). The first two seasons took place in the then future of the 1970s. The final two seasons took place
in the 1980s. The show starred Richard Basehart and David Hedison.
In the pilot episode "Eleven Days to Zero", which was filmed in
color but shown in black and white, the audience is introduced to the futuristic nuclear submarine Seaview and the
lead members of her crew. Most notable is the designer and builder of the submarine, Admiral Harriman Nelson
(Richard Basehart). We also are introduced to the Nelson Institute of Marine Research (NIMR) in Santa Barbara,
California which serves as a support structure for the Seaview. The Seaview is often moored, when at the base, some
500 feet below ground level in a secret underground submarine pen, Dock C-4, carved out of solid rock-although much
of the drydock appears to be constructed of large stones. The submarine's official status is for undersea marine
research, but its secret mission is defend the planet from all world and extraterrestrial threats. We learn, not
for the last time, that the series is set in the then-future of the 1970s. The pilot episode tells the story of how
Commander Lee Crane (David Hedison) became the Seaview’s Captain after the murder of her original commanding
officer, Commander John Phillips. At the end of the episode, we learn that the series will be about the adventures
of the Seaview and her crew roaming the seven seas and visiting many exotic locations. The Seaview and her crew's
primary task in the series will be to probe the mysteries of nature and fight forces that threaten the survival of
the United States and the entire world.
The first season began with Admiral Nelson and the crew of the
Seaview fighting against a foreign government in order to prevent a world-threatening earthquake, continuing with a
foreign government destroying American submarines with new technologies in The Fear Makers and The Enemies. The
season also had several ocean peril stories in which the Seaview crew spent the episode dealing with the normal
perils of the sea. Two examples are "Submarine Sunk Here" and "The Ghost of Moby Dick". The season introduced the
diving bell and a mini-submarine, as well as the first alien story and the first sea monsters. The season ended
with the Seaview crew fighting a foreign government to save a defense weapon.
In the first season, the gritty, atmospheric, and intense series
featured story lines devoted to Cold War themes, as well as excursions into near-future speculative fiction. Many
episodes involved espionage and sci-fi elements. While aliens and sea monsters, not to mention dinosaurs, did
become the subject of episodes, the primary villains were hostile foreign governments. While fantastic, there was a
semblance of reality in the scripts.
The second season began with a trip inside a whale, and saw
several brushes with world disaster. The season ended with a ghost story, one of the show's few sequels.
Due to ABC's demands for a somewhat "lighter" tone to the series ,
the second season saw an increase in monster-of-the-week type plots, yet there were still some episodes that
harkened back to the tone of the first season. The second season also saw a change from black and white to color.
The beginning of the second season saw the permanent replacement of Chief "Curly" Jones with Chief Sharkey, due to
the death of Henry Kulky, who portrayed Chief Jones.
The most important change in the series occurred during this
season when a slightly redesigned Seaview was introduced, along with the Flying Sub. The Flying Sub was a yellow,
two-man mini-submarine with passenger capacity, that could leave the ocean and function as an airplane. The Flying
Sub was referred to by the initials FS-1. The futuristic craft greatly increased Seaview crews' travel options. The
Flying Sub was launched from a bay in the lower part of Seaview that was apparently built between Seasons One and
Two. The Seaview’s private observation deck from the first season was never seen again. The Seaview’s eight
observation windows became four. The Seaview’s enlisted men were also given more colorful uniforms (red or light
blue jumpsuits), evidently to take advantage of the changeover from black and white to color. The officers and
petty officers, however, retained their khaki works from the first season. The traditional sailor uniforms worn in
the first season were only seen in stock footage from the first season and on characters who were newly filmed to
match up with that footage. All these changes occurred between seasons. The Flying Sub was showcased in the show's
closing credits for the entire season.
The "Flying Sub' also made an appearance in the 1971 Irwin Allen
film, City Beneath the Sea (1971 film).
The third season of Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea ran
simultaneously with two other Allen-produced television series: the second season of Lost in Space and the premiere
(and only) season of The Time Tunnel.
The third season began with Dick Tufeld of Lost in Space playing
an evil disembodied brain from outer space. The season continued with a werewolf story that is one of the few
episodes to inspire a sequel. In one episode, the Seaview’s officers and crew encountered Nazis who believed World
War II was still ongoing. The third season only had two espionage stories and one ocean peril story that were
reminiscent of the first season. One of those three stories was about a hostile foreign government trying to steal
a strange new mineral with the aid of a brainwashed Admiral Nelson. This espionage story was the end of the third
The final two seasons cemented the shift towards paranormal
storylines that were popular in the late 1960s. Mummies, werewolves, talking puppets and an evil leprechaun all
walked the corridors of the Seaview. There were also fossil men, flame men, frost men and lobster men.
The fourth and final season of Voyage began with Victor Jory playing a five century
old alchemist. After a few episodes there were revamped opening credits. Near the end of the fourth season, there
were three unrelated stories of extraterrestrial invasion in three weeks. There were two time travel stories in two
weeks. The second of the two had the Seaview going back in time to the American Revolution. The episode ended with
the Seaview returning to the present and sailing into television history.
Ratings for the fourth season took a significant drop as the
season progressed, but were not drastic enough for ABC to immediately cancel a fifth season for the series. During
renewal discussions between Allen, 20th Century Fox and ABC, Allen instead proposed replacing Voyage with Land of
the Giants. Based on a proposal consisting of only a reported two dozen pre-production concept paintings, ABC
accepted Allen's proposed new series, and Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea was cancelled.