Born as Riley B. King on September 16, 1925, his legacy and career according to Rolling Stone
Magazine ranked him number 6 of all time greatest guitarists.
In 1949, King began recording songs under contract with Los
Angeles-based RPM Records. Many of King's early recordings were produced by Sam Phillips,
Performing with his famous guitar, Lucille.
who later founded Sun Records. Before his RPM contract, King had
debuted on Bullet Records by issuing the single "Miss Martha King" (1949), which did not chart well. "My very first
recordings were for a company out of Nashville called Bullet, the Bullet Record Transcription company," King
recalled. "I had horns that very first session. I had Phineas Newborn on piano; his father played drums, and his
brother, Calvin, played guitar with me. I had Tuff Green on bass, Ben Branch on tenor sax, his brother, Thomas
Branch, on trumpet, and a lady trombone player. The Newborn family were the house band at the famous Plantation Inn
in West Memphis,"
King assembled his own band; the B.B. King Review, under the
leadership of Millard Lee. The band initially consisted of Calvin Owens and Kenneth Sands (trumpet), Lawrence
Burdin (alto saxophone), George Coleman (tenor saxophone), Floyd Newman (baritone saxophone), Millard Lee (piano),
George Joyner (bass) and Earl Forest and Ted Curry (drums). Onzie Horne was a trained musician elicited as an
arranger to assist King with his compositions. By his own admission, King could not play chords well and always
relied on improvisation.
King's recording contract was followed by tours across the United
States, with performances in major theaters in cities such as Washington, D.C., Chicago, Los Angeles, Detroit, and
St. Louis, as well as numerous gigs in small clubs and juke joints of the southern United States. During one show
in Twist, Arkansas, a brawl broke out between two men and caused a fire. He evacuated along with the rest of the
crowd but went back to retrieve his guitar. He said he later found out that the two men, who died in the blaze,
were fighting over a woman named Lucille. He named the guitar Lucille as a reminder not to fight over women or run
into any more burning buildings.
Following his first Billboard Rhythm and Blues charts number one,
"3 O'Clock Blues" (February 1952), B.B. King became one of the most important names in R&B music in the 1950s,
amassing an impressive list of hits including "You Know I Love You", "Woke Up This Morning", "Please Love Me",
"When My Heart Beats like a Hammer", "Whole Lotta Love", "You Upset Me Baby", "Every Day I Have the Blues",
"Sneakin' Around", "Ten Long Years", "Bad Luck", "Sweet Little Angel", "On My Word of Honor", and "Please Accept My
Love". This led to a significant increase in his weekly earnings, from about $85 to $2,500, with appearances at
major venues such as the Howard Theater in Washington and the Apollo in New York, as well as touring the entire
"Chitlin' circuit". 1956 became a record-breaking year, with 342 concerts booked and three recording sessions. That
same year he founded his own record label, Blues Boys Kingdom, with headquarters at Beale Street in Memphis. There,
among other projects, he produced artists such as Millard Lee and Levi Seabury. In 1962, King signed to
ABC-Paramount Records, which was later absorbed into MCA Records, and which itself was later absorbed into Geffen
Records. In November 1964, King recorded the Live at the Regal album at the Regal Theater. King later said that
Regal Live "is considered by some the best recording I've ever had . . . that particular day in Chicago everything
came together . . ."
From the late '60s, new manager Sid Seidenberg pushed King into a
different type of venue as blues-rock performers like Clapton and Paul Butterfield were popularizing an
appreciation of blues music among white audiences.
King gained further visibility among rock audiences as an opening
act on the Rolling Stones' 1969 American Tour. He won a 1970 Grammy Award for the song "The Thrill Is Gone"; his
version became a hit on both the pop and R&B charts. It also gained the number 183 spot in Rolling Stone
magazine's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.
King was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1980, the Rock
and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987, and the Official Rhythm & Blues Music Hall of Fame in
2014. In 2004, he was awarded the international Polar Music Prize,
given to artists "in recognition of exceptional achievements in the creation and advancement of
music." King performing in New York in the late 1980s
From the 1980s to his death in 2015, he maintained a highly
visible and active career, appearing on numerous television shows and performing 300 nights a year. In 1988, King
reached a new generation of fans with the single "When Love Comes to Town", a collaborative effort between King and
the Irish band U2 on their Rattle and Hum album. In December 1997, he
performed in the Vatican's fifth annual Christmas concert and presented his trademark guitar "Lucille" to Pope John
Paul II. In 1998, he appeared in The Blues Brothers 2000, playing the
part of the lead singer of the Louisiana Gator Boys, along with Eric Clapton, Dr. John, Koko Taylor and Bo Diddley.
In 2000, he and Clapton teamed up again to recordRiding With the
King, which won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional Blues
Discussing where he took the Blues, from "dirt floor, smoke in the
air" joints to grand concert halls, King said the Blues belonged everywhere beautiful music belonged. He
successfully worked both sides of the commercial divide, with sophisticated recordings and "raw, raucous" live